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Terroir & grape varieties

An exceptional terroir

Located in the Pyrenean foothills, at the crossroads of Atlantic and Mediterranean climate influences, the Limoux wine region is one of great richness and diversity.

The Sieur d'Arques winemakers and wine growers have understood this. Pioneers in the identification and selection of the finest vineyard plots, they have been taking a qualitative and innovative approach for over thirty years; They have highlighted 4 great terroirs and selected only plots for which the microclimate, soil, topography and altitude are suitable for the production of ripe, healthy grapes.

The Mediterranean influence in the east, along with the temperate climate due to the oceanic influence in the west, ensures that the region receives the perfect amount of sunshine and rainfall distributed throughout the year. The result is a converging climate in the centre of the appellation with a cooler climate dominating in the south as you approach the Pyrenean mountains. Added to this, you have a mainly clay-limestone soil and vineyard parcels lying at between 200 to 500 metres above sea level.

This all gives us the profile of a land full of promise for “author wines”. The Vignerons du Sieur d’Arques is able to make the most of this diversity over its 1,804 hectares of vineyards.

TERROIR MEDITERRANEAN AUTAN OCEANIC HAUTE VALLEE
Altitude 100-200m 150-200m 200-300m >350m
Soil Gravel over
clay-limestone marl
Gravel with
limestone bedrock
Clay-limestone and
gravel on sandstone bedrock
Clay-limestone
with gravel
Climate Very hot and dry
Mediterranean influence
Annual rainfall 550 mm
Hot and dry
Annual rainfall 570mm
Cooler and wetter
Influence atlantique
Annual rainfall 850 mm
Cool and quite humid
Pyrenean influence 
Annual rainfall 800 mm
Water
balance
Good drainage Average reserve Large reserve Good reserve
Harvest Early Early + 1 week / Medit. Late
+ 2-3 weeks / Medit.

Our grape varieties

Each grape variety brings its own qualities and contributes to the unique character of our wines. The iconic grape varieties that create the signature style of our sparkling wines are the Mauzac, Chardonnay, and the Pinot Noir.

Chardonnay is the main varietal in our still Limoux blanc AOC, while Merlot, Syrah and Grenache are used for our reds.

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